Keynote Lecture – Multimodal transportation systems protection against sea level rise
S. Madanat, Dean of Engineering & Program Head of Urbanization & Global Network Professor of Civil and Urban Engineering, NYU, Abu Dhabi
Transportation infrastructure resilience is an important component of a region’s ability to recover from natural disasters. While Sea Level Rise (SLR) is becoming inevitable with climate change, little is known of the impact of protection strategies on multiple modes of transport. The present paper proposes a framework where a range of coastal protection strategies are undertaken in the case of one meter of SLR (expected by the year 2100). The methodology incorporates high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations using the Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) and traffic simulations using the Multi-Agent Transport Simulation (MATSim) to quantify the potential impact of SLR and protection strategies on both the highway and public transit systems in the San Francisco Bay Area. The results of the traffic simulations are analyzed at the regional and Transportation Analysis Zone (TAZ) levels. Modeling results show that coastal protection of one area will affect the transportation system (sometimes negatively) in areas beyond its vicinity. The improved spatial resolution, and the integration of highway and transit networks in a unified model, reveal transportation phenomena that were not identified in previous studies. By quantifying the impacts on commuters’ mobility in different TAZs, the methodology can be used to develop effective and inclusive strategies against SLR for a given region of interest.